Overview Romania

Currency Leu (Leu or RON)
Fiscal year Calendar year
Trade organisations European UnionWTO
Statistics
GDP $264,269 billion (IMF 2011 est., PPP)[1]
GDP growth 2,5% (2011)
GDP per capita $8,863 (nominal)
$12,476 (PPP)
GDP by sector agriculture: 12.4%; industry: 35%; services: 52.6% (2009 est.)
Inflation (CPI) 1.8% (2012 est.)
Population
below poverty line
12% (2005 est.)
Gini coefficient 32 (2008)
Labour force 9.33 million (2009 est.)
Labour force
by occupation
agriculture: 29.7%; industry: 23.2%; services: 47.1% (2006)
Unemployment 7.0% (July 2012)[2]
Average gross salary 2,028 RON / 608 $, monthly (February 2012)[3]
Average net salary 1,472 RON / 441 $, monthly (February 2012)[3]
Main industries electric machinery and equipment,textiles and footwear, light machinery and a lot of small assembly adding more, softwareminingtimber,construction materialsmetallurgy,chemicalsfood processingpetroleum refining
Ease of Doing Business Rank 72nd[4]
External
Exports $52.22 billion (2010 est.)
Export goods machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products
Main export partners Germany 16.3%, Italy 15.4%, France7.3%, Turkey 6.5%, Hungary 5%,Bulgaria 4.1% (2008)
Imports $64.01 billion (2010 est.)
Import goods machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals, textile and products, metals, agricultural products
Main import partners Germany 16.1%, Italy 11.2%, Hungary7.3%, Russia 5.9%, France 5.6%,Turkey 4.9%, Austria 4.8%,Kazakhstan 4.5%, China 4.2% (2008)
FDI stock $78.61 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Gross external debt $95.48 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Public finances
Public debt 20% of GDP (2009 est.)
Revenues $50.78 billion (2009 est.)
Expenses $61.51 billion (2009 est.)
Foreign reserves US$53.015 billion (April 2011)[7]
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars

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