Overview Finland

Helsinki Pohjoisranta.jpg
Helsinki
Rank 51
Currency Euro (EUR)
Fiscal year calendar year
Trade organisations European Union
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
others
Statistics
GDP $189.4 billion (2010 est.) (PPP)
GDP growth 3.1% (2010 est.)[1]
GDP per capita $36,700 (2011 est.) (PPP)
GDP by sector agriculture: 2.6%; industry: 29.1%; services: 68.2% (2010 est.)
Inflation (CPI) 3.3% (2011 est.)
Population
below poverty line
N/A
Gini coefficient 28.2 (2010)[2]
Labour force 2,818 million (2011))[3]
Labour force
by occupation
agriculture and forestry 4.5%, industry 18.3%, construction 7.3%, commerce 16%, finance, insurance, and business services 14.5%, transport and communications 7%, public services 32.4% (2008)
Unemployment 7.6% (July 2012)[4]
Average gross salary 3,463 € / 4,675 $, monthly (2006)[5]
Average net salary 2,043 € / 2,758 $, monthly (2006)[5]
Main industries metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Ease of Doing Business Rank 11th[6]
External
Exports $73.53 billion (38th; 2010 est.)
Export goods electrical and optical equipment, machinery, transport equipment, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals; timber
Main export partners Germany 10.32%, Sweden 9.79%,Russia 9%, United States 7.85%,Netherlands 5.9%, United Kingdom5.24%, China 4.1% (2009)
Imports $69.11 billion (37th; 2010 est.)
Import goods foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains
Main import partners Russia 16.28%, Germany 15.76%,Sweden 14.65%, Netherlands 6.99%,China 5.29%, France 4.22% (2009)
FDI stock $87.99 billion (31 Dec. 2010 est.)
Gross external debt $370.8 billion (30 June 2010)
Public finances
Public debt 45.4% of GDP (2010 est.), net debt 17.4% of GDP[7][8]
Revenues $66.58 billion (2010 est.)
Expenses $65.33 billion (2010 est.)
Economic aid donorODA, $1.023 billion (2007)
Foreign reserves US$11.492 billion (March 2011)[10]
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars

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